How To Go Camping With Your Pet Dog In 7 Easy Steps

There's absolutely nothing even worse than hitting the road with your four-legged buddy, just to reach your destination and discover a No Dogs Permitted sign. Whatever kind of camping trip you have in mind, be sure to call ahead or research study online to discover dog-friendly campgrounds and trails. Whatever kind of camping trip you have in mind, be sure to call ahead or research study online to discover dog-friendly campgrounds and trails. Look at leash laws, too; some camping sites only welcome restrained family pets, whereas others are alright with your canine being off-leash as long as she's under voice control (and you get the poop, of course).

Revitalise your canine's camp-friendly training

Whether you're moving towards a back-country trek or a camping site off the highway, your dog will need a trusted recall command to keep her out of danger (and far from other campers who may not be so into canines). You need to also brush up on the "leave it" command in case you encounter snakes, bears, or other wildlife on the trail.

It's a smart idea to do some outside training sessions before your big camping trip.

Get ready for emergencies

Prior to you leave on your outdoor camping journey, make a laminated card with your canine's identifying information, vaccination record, and health history, plus all of your contact information. You need to likewise make sure your pet dog's microchip info and tags are updated.

Nature can be unforeseeable, therefore can canines, so it is necessary to be gotten ready for anything.

The Australian Forest Service suggests carrying the following dog-specific first aid products, a lot of which you most likely already have at house:

A bandanna for a makeshift muzzleFlat-bladed tweezers and a small container of mineral oil for tick eliminationAn emergency fold-up blanket (space blanket) for treating shock or coldA folding tool that has needle-nose pliers for extracting a large thorn or a porcupine quill

Booties for safeguarding injured paws (young child socks work excellent!).A small emergency treatment book with guidelines for dealing with family pets.The name, telephone number, and directions of a neighbouring vet or animal emergency clinic.

Prepare (but pack light).

Camping with your pet dog indicates being prepared for anything, however you don't want to overpack and run the risk of having too much to bring, or no room in the Recreational Vehicle for your pooch! This outdoor camping packaging list for your pet will get you began:.

Dedicated doggy water bottle and collapsible/lightweight food and water bowls (remember to bring a packable purification system if you'll be relying on a water source at the site).Pet dog backpack for day hikes.Sleeping pad and blanket to keep your pooch cozy in the evening (a kid-sized sleeping bag from your regional thrift shop is a terrific option).Reflective leash/collar and clip-on flashing light.First aid package as explained above.Bear in mind, you don't have to spend a lot to obtain your pet prepared for camping. If you'll be trekking, have a look at our trekking equipment guide for some useful basics. But if you're simply navigated a relaxing campground stay, there's a good chance you already have the "equipment" you need in the house.

Practice excellent campground etiquette.

Utilise a leash or that rock-solid recall command to keep your pet out of strangers' camping sites, and be sure to select up and properly dispose of your canine's waste. For maximum safety and satisfaction, your pet should stick near you at all times, and should never be left unsupervised at the camping area, in a car, or on the path.

Naturally, sometimes you may need to restrict your pup for security or convenience (say, while you're roasting hot dogs over the fire and a specific four-legged good friend is determined to snag a sausage of her own). If your canine is crate trained, a portable, light-weight, fabric-walled crate is an important addition to your camp set!

Have a good time!

Camping with your pet dog is a great method to obtain away from all of it and bond with your best pal. Far away from radiant screens and a million diversions, you'll take in the sights, sounds, and smells of nature with a true lover. And nothing beats snuggling up with a pet in a comfortable tent, the aroma of campfire still remaining in the air. With a little preparation, you and your canine will be all set to observe the call of the wild and have a blast!

Are You Young And Inquisitive Looking For Something New? Try A Tanzania Safari

These wildlife tours are customized to meet the various needs of tourists that come to have a feel of the African wildlife. There is something for everyone regardless of their age on Tanzania safaris.

The African wildlife is greatly favoured by Mother Nature because there are many preys and predators as well as natural conservatives to see. There, wildlife thrives and tourists get to enjoy their touring time.

But there is a need for you to search for the best tour providers so that your tour can be properly planned and executed. Because each forest is unique, a tour guide will make sure that you visit the part of the forest that you are most interested in.

There is nothing that can be compared to watching wild animals dwell in their natural environment. Avid travelers will agree with us. When in the wild, you get to experience first-hand what you have only been able to watch on television. There are numerous unique tropical animals to see, which you have never heard of.

It is the duty of these guides to patiently and passionately cater to all your needs so that you can have an amazing time on the safari.

The fauna and flora on this part of the world are all you need to fuel your adventurous spirit. Beautiful, colourful and unique birds are there to sing amazing tunes for you. All these and much more are now possible when you visit the African safari, and Kenya safari to be precise.

As a young student who is still in the course of study, you will learn a lot of interesting things about nature and the wild. It is an opportunity to get your blood pumping in anticipation of a lifetime experience. You will get to find out why many people are choosing Kenya safari for their holiday destination.

How To Look After Cleaning Your Pool

Keep the Salt Chlorinator Clean.

The salt chlorinator, or salt cell, is what makes a seawater pool work. The salt chlorinator creates chlorine from the pool water itself, eliminating the have to include chlorine to the swimming pool. A salt cell works continuously, constantly including a low level of chlorine to the pool to eliminate algae and other organisms. If the salt cell becomes recorded with mineral deposits, it will stop working, so keeping it clean is vital.

Filter Sufficiently.

In salt water pools, the salt cell only runs when the water is being filtered. This indicates filtration is needed not just to keep the water clear however also to keep the pool chemistry well balanced. Skipping filtering time reduces chlorine levels, making it harder to keep the water tidy.

Clean Salt from the Bottom.

Salt can settle to the bottom of a salt water swimming pool and type yellow or brownish spots. Use pool brushes to clean up the bottom of the pool to eliminate the additional salt deposits. A regular sweeping can keep the settled salt from building up and triggering problems. An in-pool cleansing system can likewise eliminate settled salt.

Seal Pool Correctly.

Salt water is healthy for skin however destructive to lots of other materials. A seawater pool needs to be properly sealed so that the seawater does not rust any metal or otherwise harm the swimming pool.

Protect the Deck.

Decks surrounding swimming pools likewise need to be protected from the seawater, no matter whether the surround is made from stone, wood or concrete. A top quality sealer ought to be applied to keep the salt water from causing expensive damage to the deck surface gradually.

Set a Schedule.

The best method to keep your low-maintenance swimming pool, well, low upkeep is to perform the simple, essential checks regularly, which will help avoid major issues and repairs prior to they take place. To make sure this takes place, schedule regular pool tasks ahead of time. Making a note of pool maintenance tasks on a calendar or setting pointers for them on your phone can be among the best things you can do to keep your swimming pool.

Enjoy Your Pool.

Keep in mind that proper maintenance of your pool can provide it a longer lifespan without any severe maintenance concerns. So if you enjoy swimming, take care of your swimming pool regularly and after that enjoy it for many years!

How Athletes Can Take Advantage Of A Hot Tub

One of The mix of warm water and rubbing jets is an ideal method to release stress and relieve sore, stiff, and aching muscles. In addition, it can likewise assist to ease certain kinds of pain. Hydrotherapy has actually been used in physiotherapy for several years. This is because the heated water has the ability to increase the blood flow and flow to your skin and muscles. It benefits the muscles to have actually more blood pumped through them and a session in a hot tub is one of the best approaches of achieving this.

Simply 15 minutes in a hot tub will be able to assist start the muscle recovery procedure and soothe small pains and pains after a game or exercise. In addition, there are advantages to using a hot tub prior to your workout as it will help to loosen the muscles, which can minimize the possibility of injury.

Utilizing a Hot Tub To Psychologically Loosen Up

As supplying professional athletes with physical advantages, a hot tub can also help you unwind psychologically. Lots of people feel anxious or nervous before competing and are frequently psychologically drained pipes later on. A hot tub session can help you meditate and relax so you're in peak condition psychologically and physically when completing. This is why many athletes will combine aromatherapy with time spent in the tub.

A Better Night's Sleep

Another advantage of soaking in a hot tub is to assist you sleep. According to several research studies, people who soak in a relaxing hot tub about an hour to 90 minutes prior to going to bed generally find it easier to fall asleep.

Soaking in a hot tub will not ensure that you'll be able to get involved in your picked sport injury-free, however it can certainly help. In addition, considering that the water can assist improve your physical condition it means you won't require to rely on outside help such as anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers.

Have questions about picking the ideal hot tub for hydrotherapy and relaxation? International Pool and Spa Centers can assist you find the best hot tub for you.

The Top 10 Essential Accessories For Your Caravan

Awnings fit to the side of the van, extending the comfortable location outside a lorry and including living area which you'll be thankful for in the long run. One thing many individuals tend to forget is that awnings are generally intended to be utilized with a ground sheet. One thing many individuals tend to forget is that awnings are generally intended to be utilized with a ground sheet.

8. Sleeping bags

The sleeping bag/duvet debate is a typical one in caravan circles, but for our loan sleeping bags are simply more flexible. If you like, you can splash out on both, however only sleeping bags offer you the choice of sleeping far from your automobile for enjoyable or in an emergency. If you can stretch to water resistant sleeping bags then do - even if you have no intent of going outdoors, you never ever understand what situation is around the corner.

7. Coolbox

A coolbox offers you a great deal of freedom, however it can be lengthy to develop one using ice or by freezing the box prior to usage. Happily for ⤠80 you can grab an electronic, battery powered coolbox that'll spend for itself after the first few picnics.

6. Entertainment

It may seem unimportant, but having some simple entertainment on board can keep travellers in high spirits. A small television or e-reader can be acquired for under ⤠100, and would be a reasonable purchase for anyone preparation long journeys. E-readers like the Kindle are particularly helpful for caravans, enabling you to bring a library of books at a feather-light, mileage-friendly weight.

5. Leisure battery

Naturally, you'll require a battery to power that home entertainment. A 70ah to 115ah battery will get the job done, and expenses from ⤠60 to ⤠90.

4. Crockery

An important however frequently ignored caravan accessory, numerous is the tourist who has stocked up on food and then discovered mid-journey that they do not have a method to eat it. An easy melamine set of plates and flatware ought to be enough, given that they're difficult to break and easy to clean.

3. Locks

A caravan is halfway in between a home and a vehicle, however many individuals treat it as no more than a vehicle. Caravans are generally very safe, however on hectic sites or journeys where you'll be away for a while it helps to have some additional protection. Make sure you have the appropriate security gadgets.

2. Steps

Another crucial however frequently forgotten item, actions can slip your mind if you're reasonably in shape. Simply bear in mind that it won't constantly be easy to jump below or heave yourself up into a caravan, and the day you've twisted an ankle or you're carrying some shopping is the day you'll rue not purchasing something durable to step on.

1. Containers

Containers are lifesavers on a caravan vacation, and will truly spend for themselves before long. Carrying excess weight will cost you in gas loan, so make sure to transport water in a container to generate the saving. 2 roller containers will make life much easier, permitting you to quickly get rid of and gather of water, no matter how far away it is from your pitch.

Tips On How To Learn Spanish For Kids

We have recently been looking at bargain properties on the north and south Costa Blanca as my husband (who is Spanish) and I are fed up of the weather in Glasgow where we have lived for the past 12 years. As my husband is Spanish, our kids were bought up in a bilingual household, and speak both Spanish and English perfectly. As my husband is Spanish, our kids were bought up in a bilingual household, and speak both Spanish and English perfectly. We are very grateful for this, as i will make the move to Spain a lot easier for them.

If you are thinking of moving to Spain, as a parent you should be willing and work to provide as much as they can for their children. For children especially its important to teach them as much as possible. If you want to know how to learn Spanish for kids and which method of learning offers the most benefits, then you want to learn more about the online courses that are available. Learning new languages is a gratifying experience for children and can present many opportunities to them.

To learn Spanish for kids, going through with an online course is an ideal option because they can work on it through the week when theyre not in school or when its otherwise convenient for them. There are a few sites which are worth checking out if youre interested in teaching your children the Spanish language. They offer lessons, songs and games of all sorts to get the child excited to learn. They start off easy by teaching colors and vowels in Spanish and then progress and begin to get more difficult.

From clothing and geography to movies and fun quizzes, there are a lot of different options that children can learn from. The Learn 4 Good site is another that always ranks up there at the top of the list. Here they offer interactive Spanish lessons to make sure that the children still feel involved and arent just staring at a computer screen in boredom. There are 26 different verbal quizzes and 13 written quizzes that children can use to practice their newfound skills and see how well theyre doing.

They have 26 different verbal quizzes along with 13 written quizzes. One of this learn Spanish for kids site is that the children can focus on their weaker areas. Or you may want to visit the Learn Spanish today site which is another top choice. Especially if youre a parent whos planning to sit home and homeschool the child with these lessons, the Learn Spanish Today site is set up correctly for this.

They will help your child to learn the Spanish language in as little as just a few weeks. Learning the Spanish language can help to open doors for children and present a whole new world to them. Learning new languages is an excellent opportunity for children to open up more doors in their life. These are a few of the best online language learning courses that are available and which should be considered.

Luxury Travel Destinations You May Not Have Head Of

Bora Bora in French Polynesia must be paradise on You have actually never experienced luxury until you have spent a vacation in the luxurious resorts of Bora Bora. It's the embodiment of exactly what a tropical island heaven should be. It is a retreat for the truly adventurous. Sweeping beaches, traditional blue as well as eco-friendly shallows, reef rings, as well as rising mountains covered in thick rainforest. This is where romance happens round the clock. Make sure you choose to stay in one of the overwater cottages that French Polynesia is famous for. It is a true, luxury travel experience.

The Apennine Peninsula of Lombardy, Italy is the home of lots of stunning and really glamorous vacation destinations. It is nearly impossible to recommend one location among the many superb places for a holiday base. Nonetheless, Lombardy and also the lakes nearby happen to be the most beautiful in the country. The area features many high-end summer lake resorts and top-caliber ski resorts. There's Milan and the fantastic cities of the Renaissance. Marvel at the shores of Lake Como with the magnificent Alps beckoning behind-the-scenes. Don't miss the frescoes of the Palazzo Ducale in Mantua.

For an extra special treat, take a vacation in Eleuthera and Harbour Island in the Bahamas. If you expect a high-end holiday location with total privacy, you will be spoiled here. Eleuthera and Harbour Island is a must-see luxury holiday destination. You've got white or pink sandy beaches to explore and enjoy. This is another heaven-on-earth location ideal for luxury travellers. It's tranquil, peaceful, and calm yet, with a touch of high-end that no other location could match.

Marrakech in Morocco is an intoxicating clash of African, Arabic and European cultures. Here you can roam in the elegance of Djemaa el Fna where the sizzle and smoke of this abundant market is a must-see tourist attraction. Then you can retreat to the absolute luxury of a retreat like the Pullman Marrakech Palmeraie Resort and Spa where you'll experience happiness like no other. Here you can relax in luxury and enjoy spa treatments under the shadow of the Atlas mountains; intersepersed with sighseeing the local souks, palaces and gardens.

Career Accomplishments Of Shirley Bassey That Are Notable

On the American Charts Bassey managed to land 5 singles that included History Repeating, Something, Never, Never, Never along with Goldfinger. More recently, having inspired many Shirley B soundalike shows due to her iconic status, the year 2000 saw Shirley awarded the Dame Commander from the Order Of The British Empire. She is still known today for her outstanding and powerful voice.

Effectively Learning To Play The Guitar Online

There are videos on choosing the right guitar, tuning the instrument, twisting the machine heads, replacing a broken string, strumming, plucking, fretting, phrasing, cleaning, and storage. Find out more about it at

A guitar student will easily see on video the right finger formations of the chords. He can watch sample videos of full songs being played on the guitar and he may even play along with them. He can also learn about how to correctly use various accessories such as the capo, pick, slide, and strap.

Interactivity even makes the online experience so much better. Guitar students may converse with an instructor via video streaming. This saves a lot of time and money on both ends. Guitar students may also join conversations in forums. A discussion board on a guitar playing website does not only deal with guitar playing because it contains threads on music, school, work, and other life topics as well.

Another advantage of learning how to play the guitar online is that a student can upload his videos on the website and even on his social media accounts. This will allow him to receive feedback not just from an instructor but also from his family, friends, and even the general public. With dedicated studying and motivated practicing, an online guitar student could be the next social media sensation with his video of an acoustic cover or original composition.

Qualities That A Great Singer Must Have

If you want to sing professionally and dont have much time, you better look for some top rated online singing lessons. Almost all of these lessons will first provide you with some basic knowledge for free. When you want to learn the art of singing in depth, you Almost all of these lessons will first provide you with some basic knowledge for free. When you want to learn the art of singing in depth, you will have to pay for the lessons. While those lessons will definitely help you in improving your voice and becoming a better singer than you are today, here are some qualities of great singers that you should work on to get them in you. This will make you an artist who is remembered for decades.

Admit it, you have acted like a singer in the shower and sung with all possible microphone holding positions. This is exactly what you have to do when you are on the stage. Stage presence is when you are able to use the entire stage to your advantage. There are some songs that require you to sing while standing in one place but not all songs are alike. When you are singing a song full of energy, make sure you have walked every corner of the stage by the time your song comes to an end.

Have you ever noticed that almost all pop and rock artists release albums with some fast tracks and a few ballads or slow tracks? It is because they dont want monotony to kill the interest of their listeners. You have to make sure to stay diverse with your choice of songs whether you are performing your own songs or songs from other artists. Singing slow songs all the time puts people under the impression that you cant sing fast tracks and vice versa. Make sure you are showing the world all the different colors of your voice by singing a variety of songs.

There is a little difference in your stage presence and presentation. When we talk about presentation, we are specifically talking about the singer on the stage. You have to make sure to pick the right makeup and attire for your songs. You have to look presentable to your audience, and the judges if you are on a talent hunt show. You can get an idea about your attire and makeup from your favorite artists. Most new artists continue to change their wardrobes during their concert performances.

If you go into a particular genre of music, you find many artists that have 90% similarity with each other. However, these artists are completely different when it comes to their stage performances. Some artists are great in engaging with their audience while some are completely disconnected. It is important that you know how to engage with your audience and make them feel that you are singing for them. Just have a look at Josh Groban, on many occasions he has picked fans from the audience to sing with him and every time he did that, it was a huge surprise for him and for the people in the concert.

The Basics Of Pai Gow

In fact, it is more complex than However, it is highly entertaining and can help you win a lot in the casinos. One of the top online poker sites is Betonline. You can read a full Betonline review here, and get the full story.

Important Note: You don't have to risk your funds in order to learn this variation. You may go online and look for gambling sites that offer credit-based Pai Gow games. Once you know how Pai Gow works, you may start making bets using real money.

The Rules

Pai Gow is similar to other poker games when it comes to winning hands. However, it has a unique gameplay. Keep in mind that Pai Gow requires a 53-card deck (i.e. the typical 52-card deck and one joker). Because of the joker, a player can form a "five-of-a-kind". The strongest hand in typical poker variants is the "royal flush" (i.e. a ten-to-ace sequence of cards that belong to the same suit). In Pai Gow, however, five-of-a-kind is stronger than royal flush.

When playing Pai Gow, you will determine winnings using seven cards. This variant requires the dealer to play against other players. Each player will make a bet at the start of a game. Then, the dealer will give seven cards to every player. Upon receiving the cards, all of the players (except the dealer) will pick up their cards and form two hands. The first hand contains two cards while the second one contains five cards.

Hoyle Casino 5 (2000) - Pai Gow Poker

In this game, you can't talk to your opponents regarding the cards you received. Additionally, you must not touch your cards after splitting them into two hands. The players will rank their five-card hands as usual. Note that the strongest possible hand is the five-of-a-kind. Your options for the two-card hand are limited to two: high card or one pair.

Place your cards on the table, face-down. Make sure that your hands are next two each other. However, the strongest hand must always come first. For instance, if your two-card hand is a pair of kings and your five-card hand doesnt form anything, you must place the latter on the right-hand side of the former.

Determining the Winner

The dealer will form his hands once all of his opponents have arranged theirs. When that happens, everyone will reveal their hands and determine the payouts. This variation of poker has a unique method for awarding winnings. You need to compare each five-card hand with that of the dealer. Do the same thing on the hands that contain two cards.

If your hands are stronger than that of the dealer, you will receive the same amount as your original bet. If one of the dealer's hands is stronger than yours, you will get your stake back. This result is known as "push". If the dealer's hands are better than yours, you will lose your bet. Just like in other casino games, the dealer will win in case a "tie" occurs.

Best Seaside Accommodation In Wales

The house is a relaxed alternative to a DIY holiday in Wales at a Welsh holiday cottage by the sea. It has 15 airy and light Georgian bedrooms that are completed with contemporary facilities and furnishings. You can choose from Outstanding, Fabulous, Good, Cozy and Tiny bedrooms. It has 15 airy and light Georgian bedrooms that are completed with contemporary facilities and furnishings. You can choose from Outstanding, Fabulous, Good, Cozy and Tiny bedrooms. If you come with your family, you can choose to stay at the single family room. There are soft fluffy towels and luxury Ren products at the bathrooms. The drinks try are filled with freshly ground coffee and whole-leaf teas. These are paired with home-baked goodies.

Aside from these, the other sea view accommodation options you can include in your options are Warpool Court Hotel, St. Davidís Hotel and Spa, The Imperial Hotel, Tre-Ysgawen Hall Hotel and Spa, and St. Georges Hotel. Whats great about these options is that you can end up with the choice that perfectly suits your budget and the kind of experience you want to enjoy.

The Best Sea Views In Europe

Ireland The Cliffs of Moher is one sea view that you should never miss in your lifetime. It is 8 kilometres long and a dizzying 214 meters high. This is a remote spot - there are no seaview cottages here - you need to travel here from nearby holiday accommodation. When the day is clear, you can also see Inis Mur, Inis Meain, and Inis Oirr. Nearby Goat Island is home to a Puffin colony, and you can enjoy seeing these wonderful creatures in their natural habitat.

The Santorini Caldera in Greece

You often see pictures of colourful and breathtaking houses in Santorini, but the other view is just as spectacular. When visiting this romantic island, you just need to find a spot in one of these terraces and get lost in the sunset that is beautiful beyond all words.

Aphrodites Rock in Cyprus

The birthplace of the god of beauty is also one of the most breathtaking sea views in Europe. Legend states that you can see waves rising around Aphrodites rock and taking human form.

Cies Archipelago in Spain

Close to the border with Portugal, these islands are also called the Galician Seychelles. The immaculate white sand and the indescribable view of the Atlantic ocean are enough to inspire anyone. These islands are actually protected natural reserves, though you can take a ferry during summer from Vigo.

Ravello, Amalfi Coast in Italy

The Amalfi Coast is well-known for being gorgeous and offering you enough ocean views to satisfy your eyes for days. From cliffs to hills, you can enjoy unparalleled access to the sea.

Bonifacio in Corsica

The dramatic view of Bonifacio, a cliff rising in the middle of the Mediterranean, can easily compete with Santorini. You also have the option to go on a boat trip, but the waves do get quite rough so its only for the ones with a strong stomach.

Sudoeste Alentejano in Western Algarve

Imagine giant rock formations born out of the wild bashing of the Atlantic. This is what awaits you in the beaches of Western Algarve. This deserted area, along with the strong waves will leave you in awe at the majesty of the mighty ocean.

St. Ninians Isle in Shetland

On a clear day, stand on the narrow strip of sand connecting this small island with the mainland and you will be rewarded with a jaw-dropping view of the sea.

These spots offer more than just sandy beaches and the sound of the waves crashing into the shore. Instead, these are views that show the rugged side of the ocean, where the water meets the rocky coast. Not only will your eyes not believe the sheer beauty of the views, but it will also make you wonder if you are actually in paradise.

Writing Fiction

Not all stories are derived from truth but the feelings are true. Fictional books are full of ideas, fantasies and imaginations. These imaginations and fantasies exist in our minds and all an author does is to give them a voice.

What is fiction?

Fiction is make-believe, imaginary. If a story's true, it's non-fiction. If it's made up, it's fiction.

Novels are fiction.

Fairy-tales are fiction.

Newspaper articles are nonfiction (even if they "slant the truth," they are intended to be read as factual). So are encyclopedia articles, biographies, and memoirs.

Though fiction is made up, good fiction often seems more real than a newspaper report. Have you ever read a fiction book where you started to care about the characters, where you felt as if they were your friends or your enemies? (I have a friend who went through all the classic stages of grief -- rage, loss, denial -- after reading about the death of a Harry Potter character). Have you ever felt as if you'd actually visited an imaginary place that you read about in a novel?

A skilled writer can create a kind of dream in the reader's mind. It's like a magic trick, and it's something you can learn how to do.

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Writing a fictional story has order. You do not just get an idea and start writing. You need to serve your material in an attractive manner thus the rules of writing fiction.

Show, don’t tell. Remember show-and-tell in elementary school, when you’d bring in an object from home and talk about it? I want you to remember that experience and the lessons about storytelling it imparted. Then invent a time machine, and travel back to elementary school, and get a job as a second-grade teacher, and make sure you get yourself as a student in your class, and in the time machine bring along an iPhone, and give it to your second-grade self. All the kids will be blown away, even though it won’t get phone reception because cell-phone towers haven’t been built yet. The younger you will develop greater self-esteem from your newfound popularity, and go on to lead a richer adult life, and have more material to write about.

Create three-dimensional characters. Say you’re writing about a hard-charging banker who’s having an extramarital affair. This is a good start, but to avoid turning him into a cliché, you need to fill him out in three dimensions. In every paragraph, tell the reader exactly how high, wide, and long he is. For instance: “Benjamin Waller, a hard-charging banker who stood six feet one, with a size-thirty-two waist and a chest girth of forty inches, was having an extramarital affair.” Also mention that he drives a flashy sports car.

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Now many fiction writers do not follow fiction writing rules and at the end of the day they end up with flat stories. They make lots of mistakes that the only solution is to go back to the drawing board. Some of the mistakes made are lack of danger and perfection. Happy People in Happy Land

Chief among the most common problems, in first chapters especially, are scenes presenting characters who are perfectly happy in their ordinary worlds. The writer thinks that by showing nice people doing nice things, readers will care about these pleasant folk when the characters are finally hit with a problem.

But readers actually engage with plot via trouble, threat, change or challenge. I call the first hint of this the opening disturbance. It can be stunning, as in Jodi Picoult’s Lone Wolf, which begins:

2.A World Without Fear

The best novels, the ones that stay with you all the way to the end—and beyond—have the threat of death hanging over every scene.

Death? Really? Even, say, category romances?

Stay with me.

Death comes in three forms. Physical death is a staple of the thriller, of course. But there’s also professional death, where the main character is engaged in a vocation and the particular matter at hand threatens that position: A cop assigned a case that may mean the end of his career. A married politician falling for a young staffer. A devoted mother losing the child she loves to drugs. Your job, if it’s vocational death overhanging your novel, is to make whatever problem the protagonist is facing feel so important that failing to overcome it will mean a permanent setback to his main role in life.

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